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Quick Specs
Architecture: sun4m
CPU: microSPARC II @ 70/85/110MHz, TurboSPARC @ 170MHz
Max Ram: 256MB
chassis: Pizza box
bus: SBus: 3 slots, AFX: 1 slot

Sun SPARCstation 5

The SPARCstation 5 is a pizzabox SPARC machine available in four flavours; a microSPARC II at 70MHz, 85MHz 110MHz or a Fujitsu TurboSparc @ 170MHz. The 170MHz version has compatibility issues with many distributions of Linux due to the different CPU type.
SPARCstation 5

My SS5 is currently in a not working state. One day without warning it just wouldnt start up properly. After building a suitable null-modem cable out of a modem cable, 9-to-25 adapter, a DB9 null-modem cable and 25pin SCSI-1 cable I managed to see what the problem was. ecache failure part way through POST. So it seems the machine is beyond repair. Put the RAM and fixed-disk in the SS4 but sadly the CD-ROM drive was too big. The SS4 remains CD-ROM drive-less.

Hardware Information

SPARCstation 5
        Processor(s):   microSPARC II @ 70MHz or 85MHz, 57.0/64.0
                        SPECint92, 47.3/54.6 SPECfp92, 1352/1518
                        SPECintRate92, 1122/1295 SPECfpRate92
        Bus:            SBus
        Memory:         256M physical
        Architecture:   sun4m
        Notes:          16M standard in 70MHz model, 32M standard in
                        85MHz model. 8 SIMM slots, 8M or 32M SIMMs,
                        mixable except that any 32M SIMMs must be in
                        slots before any 8M SIMMs. Code name "Aurora".
                        Uses SCA connectors (see Misc Q&A #29) for
                        internal SCSI drives. Socketed CPU chip.
          

Graphics

Unlike the SPARCstation 4 this machine does not have an onboard graphics chipset. An SBus framebuffer would normally be used. The SPARCstation 5 also includes a higher speed bus known as AFX which shares its connection with SBus slot 3. The bus seems to have been created exclusively for higher-speed graphics cards. The AFX bus seems to have only existed for the SPARCstation 5 series - it has not been found in any other SPARCstation or server of any model.

Drives

The SPARCstation 5 is capable of taking two SCA SCSI hard disks mounted in the front-left corner of the case. The SCA connector provides SCSI, Power and sets the SCSI ID. The bottom of the two connectors sets the ID to #3 which is the default boot ID. The top SCA connector sets the ID to #1.
The right side of the case can take a CD-ROM drive and a floppy drive. Earlier versions of the case required a special 1-inch-high CD-ROM drive built by Toshiba. Later versions of the case slimmed the floppy drive in the lower bay to allow a normal height CD-ROM drive.

Motherboard

Some systems come with a socketed CPU which allows for upgrades. When upgrading the CPU the RAM timing jumpers must be adjusted. Socketed machines can go from 70MHz to 160MHz (using the Fujitsu TurboSparc upgrade).

jumpers To give the image here of the jumpers a frame of reference, the machine is set to 100Mhz (for the microSparcII at 110Mhz). Jumper "J0103" is on (1) while J0104 is off (0).
J0105 and J0106 are on the other side of the CPU, near the floppy, SCSI and power connections. These jumpers set the "divide control" bits used by the microSparc II. Set a 70Mhz machine to divide by 3 to obtain an SBUS speed of 23.33Mhz. Set an 85Mhz machine to divide by 4 to obtain an SBUS speed of 21.25Mhz. Set a 110Mhz machine to divide by 5 to obtain an SBUS speed of 22Mhz.

Sparc 5 Memory Jumper Config
JumperSettingResult
J0103
J0104
In
In
70Mhz
J0103
J0104
Out
In
85Mhz
J0103
J0104
In
Out
100Mhz
J0103
J0104
Out
Out
125Mhz
Sparc 5 SBUS Jumper Config
JumperSettingResult
J0105
J0106
In
In
div_ctrl /2
J0105
J0106
Out
In
div_ctrl /3
J0105
J0106
In
Out
div_ctrl /4
J0105
J0106
Out
Out
div_ctrl /5
(image, table and a bit of text from obsolyte.com)

Model Configurations

Table of Sun Sparc 5 Model Configurations
Model TypeSun Part NumberNotes
Sparc 5 70Mhz501-2286
501-2472
501-2508
501-2798
501-2802
501-2811
Originally shipped with 0MB RAM, earlier revision CPU
Originally shipped with 16MB RAM, earlier revision CPU
Originally shipped with 32MB RAM, earlier revision CPU
Originally shipped with 0MB RAM, later revision CPU
Originally shipped with 16MB RAM, later revision CPU
Originally shipped with 32MB RAM, later revision CPU
Sparc 5 85Mhz501-2572
501-2574
501-2799
501-2803
501-2815
501-2816
Originally shipped with 0MB RAM, 2.3/2.5 revision CPU
Originally shipped with 32MB RAM, 2.3/2.5 revision CPU
Originally shipped with 0MB RAM, 3.x revision CPU
Originally shipped with 32MB RAM, 3.x revision CPU
Originally shipped with 0MB RAM, 2.6 revision CPU
Originally shipped with 32MB RAM, 2.6 revision CPU
Sparc 5 110Mhz501-2778
501-2779
Originally shipped with 0MB RAM
Originally shipped with 32MB RAM
Sparc 5 170Mhz501-3059
501-3103
Originally shipped with 0MB RAM
Originally shipped with 32MB RAM

Documentation

See also

SPARCstation 5 on obsolyte.com
SPARCstation 5 on Wikipedia